Language, Literacy and Numeracy INITIAL ASSESSMENT

Tips to Success

Each question has a hint that should help you understand how to answer the question. Look for the ‘quick-tip’ lightbulb beside each question.
Remember this is an open book test, so you can use a dictionary, calculator, Google, anything you like.


  • Student Declaration

    This Student Declaration is to be filled out and signed by the student.

  • Name of assessment: Language, literacy and numeracy initial assessment

    Skills being tested: Reading and numeracy

    ACSF levels being tested: 3 and 4

  • Student Assessment Verification:

  • Student Declaration:

    I confirm that all evidence submitted by me for assessment is the product of my own work (unless otherwise stated).

  • LLN (Language, Literacy, and Numeracy) Initial Assessment

    In 2015, The Australian Council of Educational Research (ACER) was commissioned by the VET FEE-HELP Branch of the Department of Education and Training to address a number of issues related to the VET FEE-HELP programme.

    One of the reforms announced on December 11 2015 was to introduce a minimum level of language, literacy and numeracy (LLN) competence which students must meet prior to being accepted into a VET FEE-HELP loan assisted course.

    The mandatory minimum entry literacy and numeracy requirements for learners who wish to enrol in a VET course of study at a Diploma level or above qualification and accessing VET FEE-HELP is that learners need to display competence at Exit Level 3 in the Australian Core Skills Framework (ACSF) in both areas of reading and numeracy.

    Who is this assessment for?

    This initial assessment is for students who intend to study for any diploma-level course.

    Minimum standard

    To successfully prove your ability at Exit Level Three, you will need to successfully complete :

    • 8 out of 10 level three reading tasks
    • 8 out of 10 level three numeracy tasks
    • 3 out of 6 level four reading tasks
    • 3 out of 6 level four numeracy tasks


    This assessment is not a test and is not a part of your course. Make sure that you:

    • Take your time. Don’t rush through the test.
    • Try to answer every question to the best of your ability as this will give us the best indication of your actual LLN level.
    • Do not copy another person’s work.
    • Do not let anyone help you with this assessment.
    • You may receive some support from the supervisor about what a question means or how to fill out the student declaration.
    • Always write your answers in FULL SENTENCES. For example:
    QUESTION: Who was involved in the accident?
    ANSWER 1: A guy Not acceptable
    ANSWER 2: A man from Brisbane was involved in the accident. Acceptable
  • Reading - ACSF Level 3

  • Narrative Text: Read the text, and then complete tasks 1 and 2 below.

    A long time ago, a husband and wife lived happily in a cottage at the edge of a wood. But one day the wife fell ill. She could eat nothing and grew thinner and thinner. The only thing that could cure her, she believed, was a strange herb that grew in the beautiful garden next to their cottage. She begged her husband to find a way into the garden and steal some of this herb, which was called Rapunzel.

    Now this garden belonged to a wicked witch, who used it to grow herbs for her spells. One day, she caught the husband creeping into her garden. When he told her what he had come for, the witch gave him some Rapunzel, but she made him promise to give her their first- born child in return. The husband agreed, thinking that the witch would soon forget her promise. He took the Rapunzel back to his wife, who felt better as soon as she had eaten it.

    A year later, a baby girl was born and the witch did come and take her away. The witch told the couple they would be able to see their daughter in the garden behind their house. Over the years they were able to watch her grow up into a beautiful child, with long fair hair. The witch called her Rapunzel after the plant her father had come to take.

    When she was twelve years old, the witch decided to lock Rapunzel up in a high tower in case she tried to run away. The tower had no door or staircase, but Rapunzel was quite happy up there as she could sit at the window watching the life of the forest and talking to the birds. Yet sometimes she would sigh, for she longed to be back in the beautiful garden where she could run and skip in the sunshine. When she felt like this, she would always sing to cheer herself up.

    Each day, the witch came to see her, bringing fresh food. She would stand at the bottom of the tower and call out, “Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your long hair.”

    Rapunzel, whose long golden hair was plaited, would twist it round one of the bars and drop it out of the window, and the witch would climb up it. When the witch left, Rapunzel would let down her golden hair again, and the witch would slide nimbly to the ground. One day, the king’s son was riding through the forest when he heard Rapunzel singing. Mystified, he rode to the tower, but could see no door, so could not understand how anyone could be there. He decided to stay and watch, and listen to the beautiful singing. After a while the witch came along. The prince watched her carefully and was amazed when she called out, “Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your long hair,” and a long golden plait of hair fell almost to the ground.

    The prince saw the witch climb up the hair and disappear through the window high up, and he made up his mind he would wait until she was gone and see if he could do the same.

    So after the witch had gone, he stood where the witch had been and called, “Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your long hair.”

  • 1. Who are the three main characters in the text?

  • Procedural Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 3 and 4 below.

    Scroll to read full article

    Lasik Procedure

    Step 1
    The cornea before it is cut out.
    Step 2
    The surgeon creates a corneal flap, which is a thin slice of the cornea. It is cut and flipped open like the cover of a book. There are two methods of cutting the flap, using microkeratome, which involves a blade, or femtosecond lasers, which are bladeless.
    Step 3
    Once the flap has been cut and opened, an excimer laser is used to remove tissue from the centre of the cornea to re-shape it, correcting the patient’s refractive error.
    Step 4
    After correcting the cornea, the flap is replaced, - like closing the cover of a book - and allowed to heal naturally without stitches.
  • Persuasive Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 5 and 6.

    The subject of homework is cause for much debate between teachers, students, and parents. The opinion presented here is that homework should definitely not be assigned to children on a daily basis because of health issues and levels of difficulty.

    To begin with, students should not be given homework every day because it can negatively impact on their health. Students who have too much homework can develop poor sleep habits; many students pull “all-nighters” in an attempt to keep up. Another way daily homework negatively affects health is that it limits access to fresh air and sunlight. Studies show that simple exposure to sunlight can provide bodies with the vitamins they need, but there is definitely not any sunlight at the desk in a child’s bedroom! Evidently, too much homework can seriously damage a young person’s health.

    In addition, daily homework presents children with an unrealistic level of difficulty. If all teachers gave students daily homework, students could end up with extracurricular study from as many as four different classes a day. Some homework is simply too difficult to be completed alone or even with the help of a parent. Struggling students who face failure at school and at home might choose to give up on school completely, and students who sit at school all day without understanding anything will feel even more discouraged when left to complete the work at home alone. Obviously, daily homework is simply too difficult.

    The main problems with daily homework are that it negatively impacts on children’s health, and also leads to a level of almost insurmountable difficulty. Teachers should always try to keep in mind that they are developing future people, and people require healthy minds, bodies, and spirits that are free from stress. The subject of homework is cause for much debate between teachers, students, and parents. The opinion presented here is that homework should definitely not be assigned to children on a daily basis because of health issues and levels of difficulty.

  • Informative Text: Read the informative below, and then complete tasks 7 and 8.

    Rainforest Ecosystems

    Rainforest ecosystems have more rain than other areas. Tropical rainforests are found near the equator, the imaginary line of latitude that runs east and west around the widest part of the Earth. The weather is warm and humid all year long near the equator, and there is lots of sunlight.

    Living things are abundant in the rainforests. There are literally thousands of species of animals, and even more kinds of plants. Their needs for sun, water, and warmth are all met by the conditions of the rainforest. The excellent conditions allow them to not only survive, but thrive. The amazing variety of plants and their sheer numbers in one location make rainforests a major source of Earth’s overall oxygen supply.

    Tropical rainforests have layers of life. The uppermost layer is called the canopy, where very mature, tall trees stretch out their branches and leaves, nearly blocking out the sun in sun places. High in this green, leafy habitat, you can find monkeys, tree frogs, and many different species of birds. Below the treetops is a second layer, called the understory. The understory is shaded by the canopy, so not as much sunlight reaches the plants there. Bushes and growing trees make up the understory, which is home to birds, reptiles, and small climbing animals. The third layer, the forest floor, is busy with life. Vines, shrubs, mosses, ferns, flowering plants, and large predator animals, such as jaguars, can be found there. Small animals burrow into the ground and live in bushes. Leaf-cutter ants and other insects busily hunt for food and water, marching together in long, winding lines.

    Rainforests contain some of Earth’s greatest biological treasures. Many medicines are made from plants found there, including some of the most promising drugs for treating cancer and AIDS. Food sources are also very rich. There are over 3,000 fruits alone. Rainforests also grow the vegetables and grains that make up most of the world’s diet, like corn, potatoes, rice, and squash. Spices like ginger, cinnamon, and chocolate grow alongside coffee and a variety of nuts. Add to all this the bounty of the oxygen stores created by all the green plants, and it is clear that the rainforests have more value than can be measured.

  • Technical Text: Read the technical text below, and then complete tasks 9 and 10.

    Click here to see diagram in a new tab

  • Reading - ACSF Level 4

  • Regulatory Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 11 and 12 on the next page.

    Workplace Safety Program

    In accordance to University policy and North Carolina General Statute Article 63, each state agency must have a written Health and Safety program with clearly stated goals or objectives that promote safe and healthful working conditions. The Environment, Health and Safety manual along with other specific manuals, such as Radiation Safety Manual, Laboratory Safety Manual, and Biological Safety manual serves as the University's written Health and Safety program. These manuals provide University employees with the necessary guidance in maintaining a safe work environment. Each of these manuals can be viewed in more detail by selecting "Manuals" from the EHS web site.

    Other elements of the Workplace Safety program include:

    • Conduct new employee training to help with the identification of and correction of hazards,
    • Review workplace incidents and develop ways to eliminate or minimize hazards, and
    • Employee input through safety committees
  • 12. Link words numbered 1 to 5, to words with similar meanings below by matching the numbers. Use a dictionary or thesaurus if necessary.

    1. statute
    2. program
    3. manual
    4. minimize
    5. committee
  • Descriptive Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 13 and 14.

    The two girls were soon walking swiftly down the main road of Beldover, a wide street, part shops, part dwelling-houses, utterly formless and sordid, without poverty. Gudrun, new from her life in Chelsea and Sussex, shrank cruelly from this amorphous ugliness of a small colliery town in the Midlands. Yet forward she went, through the whole sordid gamut of pettiness, the long amorphous, gritty street. She was exposed to every stare, she passed on through a stretch of torment. It was strange that she should have chosen to come back and test the full effect of this shapeless, barren ugliness upon herself. Why had she wanted to submit herself to it, did she still want to submit herself to it, the insufferable torture of these ugly, meaningless people, this defaced countryside? She felt like a beetle toiling in the dust. She was filled with repulsion.

    They turned off the main road, past a black patch of common-garden, where sooty cabbage stumps stood shameless. No one thought to be ashamed. No one was ashamed of it at all.

    ‘It is like a country in an underworld,’ said Gudrun. ‘The colliers bring it above-ground with them, shovel it up. Ursula, it’s marvellous – it’s really wonderful, another world. The people are all ghouls, and everything is ghostly. Everything is a ghoulish replica of the real world, a replica, a ghoul, all soiled, everything sordid. It’s like being mad, Ursula.’

    The sisters were crossing a black path through a dark, soiled field. On the left was a large landscape, a valley with collieries, and opposite hills with cornfields and woods, all blackened with distance, as if seen through a veil of crape. White and black smoke rose up in steady columns, magic with the dark air. Near at hand came the long row of dwellings, approaching curved up the hill slope, in straight lines along the brow of the hill. They were of darkened red brick, brittle, with dark slate roofs. The path on which the sisters walked was black, trodden in by the feet of the recurrent colliers, and bounded from the field by iron fences; the stile that led again into the road was rubbed shiny by the moleskins of the passing miners. Now the two girls were going between some rows of dwellings, of the poorer sort. Women, their arms folded over their coarse aprons, standing gossiping at the end of their block, stared after the Brangwen sisters with that long, unwearying stare.

    Excerpt from Women in Love
    D.H. Lawrence

  • Creative Text: Read the text below, and then complete the tasks 15 and 16.

    FRIDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1943

    ...I’m doing fine, except I’ve got no appetite. I keep hearing: “Goodness, you look awful!” I must admit they’re doing their best to keep me in condition: they’re plying me with dextrose, cod-liver oil, brewer’s yeast and calcium. My nerves often get the better of me, especially on Sundays; that’s when I really feel miserable. The atmosphere is stifling, sluggish, leaden. Outside, you don’t hear a single bird, and a deathly, oppressive silence hangs over the house and clings to me as if it were going to drag me into the deepest regions of the underworld. At times like these, Father, Mother and Margot don’t matter to me in the least. I wander from room to room, climb up and down the stairs and feel like a songbird whose wings have been ripped off and who keeps hurling itself against the bars of its dark cage. “Let me out, where there’s fresh air and laughter!” a voice within me cries. I don’t even bother to reply anymore, but lie down on the divan. Sleep makes the silence and the terrible fear go by more quickly, helps pass the time, since it’s impossible to kill it.

    Excerpt from Anne Frank The Diary of a Young Girl
    Anne Frank

  • Numeracy - ACSF Level 3

  • Timetable Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 17 and 18.

    Click here to see diagram in a new tab

    You live in Ashby. Five days a week you travel on the train to your work in West Oakland, and back to Ashby again. It costs 50 cents to go one stop in either direction (e.g. Richmond to Ashby return = $5.00).

  • Recipe Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 19 and 20.

    Recipe: Tomato vegetable pasta

    Serves: 5
    Cost per portion:32 cents


    • 500g prepared veg (carrots, broccoli, cabbage)
    • 1 onion, peeled
    • 2 cloves garlic, peeled
    • 1 tbsp cooking oil
    • 1 kg passata
    • 2 tbsp dried mixed herbs
    • 100g spaghetti


    1. Finely chop the veg, onion and garlic in a food processor.
    2. Put the oil in a pan and add the vegetable mix. Fry for 5-10 minutes until they are soft.
    3. Add the passata and herbs, stir and leave to simmer for 20 minutes.
    4. Make up the spaghetti according to the package instructions.
    5. Remove the sauce from the heat and pulse in a blender.

  • 19. How much of each of the following ingredients would you need to serve 15 people?

  • Wikipedia Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 21 and 22.

    A majority of the costliest Atlantic hurricanes recorded in history have peaked as major hurricanes. However, weaker tropical cyclones can still cause widespread damage. The costliest hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic was Hurricane Katrina, which struck the coastline of Louisiana in August 2005, causing $108 billion in property damage. The most recent, costliest hurricane was Hurricane Sandy, which struck the coastlines of Jamaica, Cuba, and New Jersey causing $68 billion in total cost in late October 2012. Rounding out the top five most expensive hurricanes ever are Ike, which struck in 2008 and caused $37.5 billion worth of damage, Wilma, which caused $29.3 billion of damage in 2005, and Hurricane Andrew, which caused $26.5 billion worth of damage in 1992.

  • 21. Rank the hurricanes from 1 to 5 along with name, damage, and year.

  • Dimensions Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 23 and 24.

    You have been given the task of painting the four walls in your office. The dimensions of the office are given below.

    Office length: 4m
    Office width: 3m
    Height of walls: 2.5m

    The cost of paint is $18 per can, and you can use one can to paint 15 square metres.

  • Income Statement Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 25 and 26.

    Scroll to see full table

    2015 2016
      Month YTD (6mo.)   Month YTD (6mo.)
    Sales $10,000 $60,000 Sales $15,000 $90,000
    Expenses     Expenses    
    Purchases 3,000 18,000 Purchases 4,000 24,000
    Wages 2,000 12,000 Wages 2,500 15,000
    Rent 1,000 6,000 Rent 1,000 6,000
    Other 500 3,000 Other 1,000 6,000
    Total expenses 6,500 39,000 Total expenses 8,500 51,000
    Profit 3,500 21,000 Profit 6,500 39,000
  • Repayment Schedule Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 27 and 28.

    Number and algebra. Shane is your customer and wants to buy a smart TV using his credit card. The price of the TV is $7,500 and the interest that Shane will be charged on his credit card is 18% p.a. accrued monthly. Shane pays off his credit card at the rate of $2,000 each month.

  • 27. Complete the table below so Shane can understand his repayment schedule.

  • Month
  • Balance owing
  • Interest
  • Payment
  • Closing balance
  • January
  • $7500
  • $112.50
  • $2000
  • $5612.50
  • February
  • $5612.50
  • $84.19
  • $2000
  • March
  • $2000
  • April
  • $1778.42
  • $0
  • Weather Forecast Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 29 and 30.

    Click here to see diagram in a new tab

  • Road Map Text: Read the text below, and then complete tasks 31 and 32.

    Click here to see diagram in a new tab

Tip: Question 1

Make sure that you read the text carefully before answering the question. You can refer back to the text at any time.

Tip: Question 2

Make sure that you read the text carefully before answering the question.

Tip: Question 3

Although 2 answers are correct, you only need to select one

Tip: Question 4

Take your time reading the text carefully

Tip: Question 5

Use a full sentence to answer this question and refer to the subject of the text in your answer

Tip: Question 6

Make sure that you read the text carefully before answering the question. You can refer back to the text at any time.

Tip: Question 7

Read the text right through before you answer the question.

Tip: Question 8

List more than one animal.

Tip: Question 9

Refer to the diagram before answering both questions 9 & 10.

Tip: Question 10

No Tip

Tip: Question 11

Read the text right through. If you are confused about the meaning of a word, you can use the internet to check.

Tip: Question 12

You can google or use a dictionary to check the meanings of these words. If you are doing your assessment online, try

Tip: Question 13

List at least 3 words in your answer.

Tip: Question 14

Remember that you can use the internet to check the meaning of a word.

Tip: Question 15

Use a full sentence and include a few words that describe your feelings in relation to the question.

Tip: Question 16

Use an online dictionary like to look for words with similar meanings.

Tip: Question 17

Highlight (or write down) the town where it states you live and go to work on the timetable so that you can see more clearly.

Tip: Question 18

Read the text carefully to check the amount of days that the question states you work.

Tip: Question 19

Write your answer clearly and use an equals (=) sign to show which figure is your final answer

Tip: Question 20

Use your calculator for this question. If you are confused by any term, you can use your dictionary.

Tip: Question 21

Fill in every box

Tip: Question 22

Use your calculator

Tip: Question 23

Tip: Question 24

Tip: Question 25

Tip: Question 26

Tip: Question 27

Tip: Question 28

Tip: Question 29

Use as many of the elements in the weather forecast as you can in a full sentence to answer this question. Remember to use numbers and words

Tip: Question 30

Tip: Question 31

Tip: Question 32

Ballina is a town in Northern New South Wales, whilst Dubbo is a town in the mid-west of New South Wales.